The 2006 Junior Eurovision Song Contest was the fourth edition of the contest. It was held in Bucharest, the capital of Romania, on Saturday 2 December.
15 countries took to the stage, including debuts from Ukraine, Portugal and Serbia, which had become an independent country following the dissolution of the union between Serbia and Montenegro. Denmark, Latvia, Norway and the United Kingdom did not participate. The theme for the show was Let The Music Play.
Mihai Trăistariu, who finished 4th for Romania in the Eurovision Song Contest earlier that year, opened the show. As with the previous year, the interval was provided by the reigning Junior Eurovision winner Ksenia Sitnik from Belarus.
The Tolmachevy Twins from Russia won the 2006 contest with the song Vesenniy Jazz (Spring Jazz), with Belarus and Sweden in second and third place respectively.