15 countries took part in total in 2008 and it was the first contest where there were no debuting participants. The theme for the show was Fun In The Sun. Dima Bilan, who had won the Eurovision Song Contest earlier that year for Russia, performed during the interval alongside previous Cypriot Eurovision representative Evridiki.
In a change to the rule only six performers were allowed on stage instead of the previous limit of eight. A jury made up of both children and adults was introduced which accounted for 50% of the overall score. The other 50% was decided by televoting.
Georgia won Junior Eurovision for the first time with the song Bzz performed by Bzikebi. Ukraine finished second with Lithuania third.